Village Accountant (variously known as Patwari, Talati, Patel, Karnam, Adhikari, Shanbogaru, "Patnaik" etc.) is an administrative government position found in rural parts of the Indian sub-continent. The office and the officeholder are called the patwari in Telangana, Bengal, Rajasthan, and North India and in Pakistan while in Sindh it is called tapedar. The position is known as the karnam in Andhra Pradesh, patnaik in Orissa or adhikari in Tamil Nadu, while it is commonly known as the talati in Karnataka, Gujarat and Maharashtra. The position was known as the kulkarni in Northern Karnataka and Maharashtra. The position was known as the shanbogaru in South Karnataka.
A patwari has three chief duties:
1. The maintenance of record of the crop grown at every harvest.
2. The keeping of the record of rights up to date by the punctual record of mutations.
3. The account of preparation of statistical returns embodying the information derived from the harvest inspections, register of mutation and record of rights.
The patwari system has unique and old terminologies and nomenclature for its documents. Following are some main documents related to patwaris:
1. Fard: A document showing details of ownership about a piece of land as per in the books of patwari .It should be noted that Fard which is kept with the patwari is the record of the revenue—which keeps details of the person who is paying revenue to the government for that land—It is not the final evidence for establishing the ownership of a property—At best the Fard can be additional piece of evidence which along with other proofs can establish the title of a person upon a property. Fard is just like entries in municipal records in the urban areas—as house tax can be given to the government for a piece of land in urban area even by a tenant—but that does not mean that by paying house tax and entering as the payer of the house tax in the municipal records the tenant can ever become the owner of the property as in that case the tenant is only securing his own interest [possession]in the land—but that does not give him ownership of the land. Likewise with the Fard where the person whose name is mentioned in the Fard may be or may not be the owner of the property. But still, the person whose name is mentioned in the Fard is bound to have some interest in the land which can be in the leaseholder or mortgagee or something like that—which depends upon the facts and circumstances of each casePertt Patwar: A copy of record showing the detail of transfer record. (You can pronounce Pratt as Per-at )
2. Pertt Sarkar: When a Partt Patwar is attested it is called Pertt Sarkar.
4. Jamabandi: Also called B1 / khatouni kishtwar. It consists of the record of landholders and Land revenue as per every Khata private as well as Govt. Land. It is prepared by using Khasra.
He/she keep the records of agriculture land of villages.
He/she has been given the responsibility of 8 to 10 or more villages.
He/she responsible collects the TAX on Agriculture Land.
He/she has to visit every village assigned to him/her once in a month.
The last Patwari recruitment announced in 2017 and whose result declared recently. In order to become a Patwari under Government of Madhya Pradesh, one needs to fill the online application form through Professional Examination Board website.
Candidate must be a Graduate.
He/she should clear Computer Proficiency Certification Test (CPCT). If he/she doesn’t have the certification, it must be cleared within 2 years after joining as a Patwari.